Cecilia Osorio Gonnet (Universidad Alberto Hurtado)
Cristiane Kerches da Silva Leite (Universidade de São Paulo)
The objective of this panel is the discussion of papers that problematize the social policies diffusion in the context of the hegemony of liberal ideas. The literature of economic orthodoxy (Hayek 1944, Friedman 1962) configures social policies as futile, jeopardy, or perverse constructions vis-à-vis the logic of democratic capitalism (Albert Hirschman’s terms, 1991). In this way, the analysis of the political and sociological dimensions that explain the re-significances and the impacts that the crisis context generates in the circulation of paradigms and experiences in social policies becomes fundamental and analytically pertinent.
Those processes could contribute to the emergence of Latin-American social policies paradigms which could be based on local and regional experiences and knowledge. In addition, those paradigms are expressed in social policies and programs which are diverse considering countries and sectors (education, health, poverty, housing, social security). In that sense, it is relevant to analyze the influence of institutions and national and international actors (public, private, third sector, and think-tanks).
Considering the former, some questions are:
- What are the narrative dispute maps in different countries? Are there social and political resistances? What are the coalitions that sustain political projects and mobilize ideas and instruments of economic and social policies? What is the nature of the conflict involving the formulation and implementation of social policies?
- Is it possible to identify those Latin-American social paradigms? Are they contested to the hegemonic perspectives? Which are their genuine Latin-American components? Which are the policies and programs that express them? Which are the key national and international actors involved in those policymaking process?
Works that analyze the dynamics of diffusion articulating ideas, actors, interests, contexts, and institutions, from a variety of theoretical approaches, are welcome in this panel.
FRIEDMAN, Milton. Capitalism and freedom. Chicago: The University of Chicago, 1962.
HAYEK, Friedrich August von. The road to serfdom. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1944.
HIRSCHMAN, Albert. The rhetoric of reaction: perversity, futility, jeopardy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.